Types of Alcohol
3 Main Categories Beer, Wine, and Liquor
The basic concept of all three is the same. Take a starchy compound, break it down with heat, add yeast to eat the sugar and the end resolute is alcohol and carbon dioxide. Beer and Wine are not distilled, while liquor is. That gives beer and wine a lower alcohol content and often drank straight without mixing. Liquor is distilled and can have an alcohol concentrate up to 95% or 190 proof. 2 Proof equals 1% alcohol; so just double the alcohol content and you have the proof. For example, 40% alcohol content is 80 proof. Thus since liquor is distilled and has a higher alcohol content it is often mixed to make enjoyable cocktails for drinking.
Over the last several years the various types and brands of alcohol have grown exponentially. Flavored vodkas, new boutique wines and spirits and the craft beer craze have been a game changer. Sam Adams alone produces over 100 types of beer now.